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Saturday, July 30, 2011

Steinitzian King.

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White Moves : White is a Pawn ahead, but not many players today would care to defend his position. White's King is exposed in the centre and has forfeited the right to castle. ( Steinitz was so famous for moving his King in the opening that the maneuver came to be known as the "Steinitzian King" In fact Black's move, 1...Re7 would regain the Pawn with a winning
attack. Moreover, White is far behind in development.

1. Ne1

The cureious move, which seems to take a vital piece out of play, is in reality the only defense. It prepares 2 d3, bolstering the e4 and releasing the Queen-Bishop. Also, the Knight can later return into play with c3, gaining a tempo by the attack on the Queen.

1... Nb4 The idea is to prevent 22 d3 because of Nxc2 3 Nxc2 Qxe4+. However this is no more than a trap, and Black would have been better advised to reconcile himself to the loss of the Pawn by continuing with the positional 1 ...Rhe8

2. a3 Rhe8
The point of Black's little combination. the retreat of the Knight to c3 would be pointless.

3. axb4 Nxe4 4. Qf5+

This is the refutation . Ofcourse not 4 Knight x Knight?

4 ...Kb8 5. Nxe4 Rxe4+
6. Kd1

White was able to withstand the ensuing attack, and eventually he reached the endgame where his material advantage proved decisive.

Morphy was the first player who fully realized the importnce of development. He expressed this in the simple phrase, "Help your pieces so that they can help you." He was often aided by the unnecessarily timid defensive moves of his opponents, or even by their unnecessarily aggressive moves as we have seen.